English Long Vowels

English has 5 long vowels, they are [u:], [i:], [ɑ:], [ɔ:], and [ɜ:].
Here are some examples of those vowels:

[u:]: food, soon, loose, pool, fool, wooed, etc.
[i:]: sheep, leak, cheeks, peel, bean, leave, etc.
[ɑ:]: park, dark, barn. heart, pass, etc.
[ɔ:]: dawn, cord, short, port, sport, forks, etc.
[ɜ:]: fur, turn, purse, work, bird, etc.

The following is the English vowels in a diagram so that you can identify open-close and frontness-backness aspects.

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