The International Phonetic Alphabets

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language.The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are distinctive in oral language: phonemes, intonation, and the separation of words and syllables. To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping, and sounds made with a cleft palate, an extended set of symbols called the Extensions to the IPA may be used.

IPA symbols are composed of one or more elements of two basic types, letters and diacritics. For example, the sound of the English letter 〈t〉 may be transcribed in IPA with a single letter, [t], or with a letter plus diacritics, [t̺ʰ], depending on how precise one wishes to be. Often, slashes are used to signal broad or phonemic transcription; thus, /t/ is less specific than, and could refer to, either [t̺ʰ] or [t] depending on the context and language.

The following is the list of IPA commonly used. Since you are Indonesians, you will find some new symbols (letters) – the ones that you do not find in our orthography system, also symbols which sound differently. please take a close look at the following common-ipa-international-phonetic-alphabet-symbols



Comments are closed.

More in Phonetics (1 of 23 articles)

English has 5 long vowels, they are [u:], [i:], [ɑ:], [ɔ:], and [ɜ:]. Here are some examples of those vowels: ...