BELANJA, MUDIK DAN KONSTRUKSI IDENTITAS Oleh Hartono (This essay was published in Suara Merdeka Daily Newspaper on Tuesday August 13, 2013 with a little editing) Setidaknya ada dua aktifitas bagi sebagian besar masyarakat Indonesia yang selalu mendahului perayaan lebaran (Idul Fitri). Pertama adalah aktifitas belanja. Meningkatnya aktifitas ini menjelang lebaran sangat nyata dengan berjubelnya para […]

Javanese Language won’t Become Extinct

From the number of its speakers, I strongly believe that Javanese language will not become extinct, at least in the next 50 years. The Javanese language is not one of the endangered languages since until today its number of speakers both the speakers 1 and the speakers 2 are still abundant. I know that many […]

Facts against the Extinction of Javanese Language

The followings are facts which serve as the bases for the argument that Javanese language will not extinct at least in the next 50 years. The facts in this paper are mined through library study; that is the study of resources available in the library. The writer didn’t collect the first hand data, instead collecting […]

Factors Making Language Extinct or Dead

Language becomes extinct because the speakers of it are wiped out from existence as by natural disasters or genocide. Disasters such as earthquakes, hurricane and tsunamy are potentially kill a big number of people, and if those people are the only language speakers left, the language will vanish since there is no living language without […]

Extinct and Dead Language

Hartono College of Language of Sultan Agung Islamic University Programs Available: English Education S1 and English Literature (Both are accredited) An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, it has no living speaker, or that is no longer in current use. Brenzinger (1992) says that ‘a language is considered to be […]


(A Term Paper Submitted for the Course Philosophy of Languages) By Hartono (2001612012) College of Language of Sultan Agung Islamic Islamic University INTRODUCTION It was Thursday December 6, 2012 when I attended a conference conducted by the College of Economics of the university where I work – Sultan Agung Islamic University better known as UNISSULA. […]