The International Phonetic Alphabets

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language.The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are distinctive in oral language: phonemes, intonation, and […]

English Long Vowels

English has 5 long vowels, they are [u:], [i:], [ɑ:], [ɔ:], and [ɜ:]. Here are some examples of those vowels: [u:]: food, soon, loose, pool, fool, wooed, etc. [i:]: sheep, leak, cheeks, peel, bean, leave, etc. [ɑ:]: park, dark, barn. heart, pass, etc. [ɔ:]: dawn, cord, short, port, sport, forks, etc. [ɜ:]: fur, turn, purse, […]

THE PRONUNCIATION OF SHORT AND LONG VOWELS OF ENGLISH

PELAFALAN VOKAL PENDEK DAN VOKAL PANJANG BAHASA INGGRIS Bahasa Inggris mengenal vocal pendek (short vowels) dan vocal panjang (long vowels). Ada 6 short vowels, sebagian yang lain menyebut 7 dengan memasukkan bunyi schwa [ə] sebagaimana pada bunyi kata ‘away, again, cinema, dll. Ke enam short vowels tersebut adalah [ʌ], [æ], [e], [ɪ], [ɒ], dan [ʊ] […]

THE PRODUCTION OF SPEECH SOUNDS

How are speech sounds produced? Physically, the production of speech sounds starts from the lungs. Why I say ‘physically’? It is because as a matter of fact, speech production starts in the brain. When the brains creates the message and the lexico-grammatical structures which then are executed by speech organs. First, lungs produce an air […]

Phonetics and Phonemics

What is the difference between phonetics and phonemics? Phonetics is the study of human speech sounds. It deals with the physiological, acoustic and articulatory properties of speech sounds, as how the sounds are produced, transmitted, and received. There are 3 branches (types) of phonetics, namely: articulatory phonetics, accoustic phonetics, and auditory phonetics.

CONSONANT CHART

Consonant Chart